4/13/2006

Plover (chidori)

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Plover (chidori)

***** Location: Japan, other areas
***** Season: All Winter
***** Category: Animal


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Explanation





chidori 千鳥 (ちどり) plover
..... chidori 鵆(ちどり)
medai chidori 目大千鳥(めだいちどり)"plover with big eyes"
Charadrius mongolus, Mongolian Plover

daizen 大膳(だいぜん)black-bellied plover; gray plover
Pluvialis squatarola
munaguro 胸黒(むなぐろ)"black breast"
Pluvialis family of plovers

kochidori 小千鳥(こちどり)small plover
Charadrius dubius

shirochidori 白千鳥(しろちどり)white plover
Charadrius alexandrinus

ikaruchidori, ikaru chidori 鵤千鳥(いかるちどり)
Long-billed Plover, Charadrius placidus

chidoriashi, chidori ashi 千鳥足(ちどりあし)"legs of the plover", walk of the plover
(also used about a drunk person swaying around)


isochidori, iso chidori 磯千鳥(いそちどり)
plovers on the beach

..... hama chidori 浜千鳥(はまちどり)
..... ura chidori 浦千鳥(うらちどり)

shima chidori 島千鳥(しまちどり)"island plover"
kawa chidori 川千鳥(かわちどり)"river plover"

murachidori 群千鳥(むらちどり)group of plovers
..... tomochidori 友千鳥(ともちどり)"plover friends"

toochidori 遠千鳥(とおちどり)far away plover

yuuchidori, yuu chidori 夕千鳥(ゆうちどり)plover in the evening
..... sayo chidori 小夜千鳥(さよちどり)
yuunami chidori 夕波千鳥(ゆうなみちどり)plover in the evening waves

tsukiyo chidori 月夜千鳥(つきよちどり)
plover on a moonlit night




CLICK for more samples
chidorigake 千鳥掛(ちどりがけ) a kind of stitching



The word CHIDORI can also simply mean
"a lot of birds"
momochidori ももちどり- 百千鳥, momodori ももどり


Charadrius is a genus of plovers, a group of wading birds. They are found throughout the world.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Chidori in the Japanese wikipedia
With Latin names for easy reading.
狭義のチドリ科
Vanellus, Erythrogonys, Peltohyas, Anarhynchus, Charadrius , Eudromias ... Pluvialis
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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Quote from the Japan Times, Aug. 21, 2006
Japan was once replete with wetlands. One of the ancient names for the country, after all, was Ashihara no kuni ("land of reed plains") or, more descriptively, O-yashima toyo-ashihara no mizuho no kuni ("land of many large islands with abundant reed plains of sparkling flowering tufts"). Deities were naturally involved. The land creator O-kuni nushi no mikoto was also called Ashihara shiko-o no mikoto ("muddy male deity out of the reed plains").

One poetic name of the reed, for that matter, is Naniwa-grass. Naniwa is an old name of Osaka, suggesting that the whole region was once synonymous with reeds. "You couldn't tell whether it was land or sea" in most of the region, as one source puts it by way of explaining an 8th-century poem. The standard set of Chinese characters applied to Naniwa ("wave-flower 難波") and the etymology of the name "fish garden" both point to the same thing.

Something similar may be said of much of the plain that makes up Tokyo today. I think of a haiku by Kobayashi Issa (1763-1827) simply because it captures so vividly the spectacle of a large flock of shorebirds suddenly flying up:

shiohama o hogo ni shite tobu chidori kana

"Crumpling the briny shore
into waste paper
plovers rise."

The Japan Times © All rights reserved
Read the full article in the WKD Archives.

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Worldwide use


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Things found on the way


The famous waka by Ki no Tsurayuki placed the plover frimly
in the season of winter.

思ひかね 妹がり行けば 冬の夜の
川風寒み 千鳥鳴くなり


omoikane imogari yukeba fuyu no yo no
kawakaze samumi chidori naku nari

Pressed by yearning
I set out hunting for her I love
And since the winter wind
Is cold as it blows up from the river
The plovers cry out in the night.


紀貫之 Ki no Tsurayuki
Tr. Earl Roy Miner


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Family crests with "chidori"





Tee cup with family crest




source : antiquekimono
Yukata robe with waves and chidori pattern
波に千鳥文様絞り浴衣



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HAIKU


Daruma ki ya chinpunkan o naku chidori

on Dharma's Death Day
spouting gibberish...
a plover
—Issa

[translation by David Lanoue]
http://www.poetrylives.com/SimplyHaiku/SHv3n2/haiga_Traditional/Daruma/

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nesting area ...
new piping plover eggs
more or less spotted

Haiku and Photo © by Carol Raisfeld
http://home.alc.co.jp/db/owa/ph_diary?stage=show&diary_sn_in=394



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Related words

***** The Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus) is a medium-sized plover.

The adults have a brown back and wings, a white belly, and a white breast with two black bands. The rump is tawny orange. The face and cap are brown with a white forehead. The eyering orange-red. The chicks are patterned almost identically to the adults, and are precocial — able to move around immediately after hatching. The Killdeer frequently uses a "broken wing act" to distract predators from the nest.
It is named onomatopoeically after its call.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


graveyarduskilldeer

George Swede

Here three words are spelled together not only to produce the richly resonant "double-haiku," graveyard/ dusk/ killdeer// graveyard/ us/ killdeer, but strikingly to suggest the enclosure (like letters by a word) of two or more people (a couple--or, perhaps, all of us) by an evening -- or some greater darkening.
source : grist/l&d/grumman


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. WKD . BIRD SAIJIKI


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9 comments:

. Gabi Greve said...

Gabi, I always enjoy your informative emails.

Off the East coast of Canada, on the tiny Island province of Prince Edward Island (the seat of Confederation, when/where our country was officially formed), there exists one of the few nesting sanctuaries for Plovers.

It's a cordoned off area (not even very extensive) near one of the Island's many fine beaches. Signs warn beach-goers to avoid it. Driving past it earlier this month while on vacation, I almost felt a sacredness in the air . . . here, if we let it, the Plover will continue to breed and exist. Life.
How tenuous it is.

plover sanctuary
even the air around it
smells sweet


Dina E. Cox

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. Gabi Greve said...

.....................................

basking in the sun
with Saint Jizo...
a plover sings


o-jizoo to hinata bokoshite naku chidori

御地蔵と日向ぼこして鳴千鳥

by Issa, 1813

Or: "plovers sing." Jizoo is the beloved guardian deity of children. As Gabi Greve notes, Jizoo is not a "saint" in the strictest sense, since saints are human beings.

On the other hand, Jizoo certainly is a supernatural helper of humans. It is because of this aspect of saintliness that I add "Saint" to the name in my translation: to let Western readers who might not know who Jizoo is understand at least that he is a helpful religious figure.

Tr. David Lanoue
http://cat.xula.edu/issa/
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Anonymous said...

beach plovers
raise a ruckus...
the dog runs away


ura chidori naki taterarete inu nigeru

浦千鳥鳴立られて犬逃る

by Issa, 1825

In my first translation, I had the dog chasing the birds, but Shinji Ogawa explains that the opposite is happening.

Tr. David Lanoue
http://cat.xula.edu/issa/

Anonymous said...

.
plovers on a winter night--
not an old voice
among them


sayo chidori toshiyori-goe wa nakari keri

.さよ千鳥としより声はなかりけり

by Issa, 1815

The word "winter" does not appear in Issa's original text, but this is the season for plovers and an important fact of the haiku. The young birds, full of heat and energy, sing in the cold winter night.

Tr. David Lanoue http://cat.xula.edu/issa/

Gabi Greve - Issa said...

橋守の鍋蓋ふんで鳴千鳥
hashimori no nabebuta funde naku chidori

plovers cry out
walk on the bridge guard's
cooking pot lid

Tr. Chris Drake

Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶

MORE

Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

Matsuo Basho

星崎の闇を見よとや啼く千鳥
Hoshizaki no yami o miyo to ya naku chidori

"gaze into
the darkness of Star Cape":
is this the plovers' cry?

Tr. Barnhill

MORE

Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

Hokku by Matsuo Basho

千鳥立ち更け行く初夜の日枝颪
chidori tachi / fuke yuku shoya no / hieoroshi

冬牡丹千鳥よ雪のほととぎす
fuyu botan / chidori yo yuki no / hototogisu

闇の夜や巣をまどはして鳴く鵆 
yami no yo ya / su o madowashite / naku chidori
.

Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

Matsuo Basho

千鳥立ち更け行く初夜の日枝颪
chidori tachi fuke-yuku shoya no hieoroshi
chidoritachi fuke yuku shoya no Hie oroshi

plovers flying away -
as the evening passes on
wind blows down from Mount Hieizan

MORE
about Mount Hieizan
.

Anonymous said...

The Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus) is a medium-sized plover.
.