1/22/2006

Mushrooms (ki no ko)

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Mushrooms (ki no ko, kinoko)

***** Location: Japan, worldwide
***** Season: Various, see below
***** Category: Plant


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Explanation

Mushrooms are a delicacy of autumn, with their many varieties growing in the ground or on trees. Let us look at some kigo with these "children of the trees" ki no ko, take 茸.

Gabi Greve





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Late Autumn

mushrooms, kinoko, ki no ko, take 茸, 菌
first mushroom, hatsu-take hatsutake 初茸
mountain with mushrooms, takeyama 茸山

pine mushroom, matsutake 松茸
..... one of the most expensive !

hackberry mushrooms, enokidake 榎茸
chestnut mushroom, kuridake 栗茸


pasania mushroom, shiitake 椎茸
..... Cortinellus shiitake
..... Many farmers grow them on old logs behind the barn, for the family delight.
.................................................... Details are here:
Shiitake Mushrooms Japan


meadow mushrooms, shimeji 湿地茸, 占地, しめじ
Hon-shimeji (Lyophyllum shimeji)
..... Agaricus campestris, A. hortensis and others


rice with fresh mushrooms, kinoko meshi, takenoko meshi 茸飯
..... a delicacy on a cold autumn night
more dishes are in the WASHOKU saijiki.



looking for mushrooms in the forest,
mushroom hunting, kinokogari, takegari 茸狩
picking mushrooms, kinoko tori 茸採り(きのことり)
bag for mushrooms, kinoko kago 茸籠(きのこかご)
mat to spread mushrooms to dry, kinoko mushiro 茸筵(たけむしろ)


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Kuritake 栗茸 (Chestnut mushroom)
By LINDA INOKI, the Japan Times



Autumn is a wonderful season to walk in the woods, where mushrooms spring up like little miracles from their invisible parent plants. Mushroom-hunting is very popular in Japan, but when the tasty kuritake, or chestnut mushroom, appears, hunters know that the end of the season is nigh. This attractive species (Naematoloma sublateritium) grows in clusters of up to 20 on the dead stumps of trees, such as chestnuts and oaks. The tops of their caps are a brick red color fading to a creamy yellow, and as the mushrooms age, the caps often split to reveal slashes of white flesh.

Unlike green plants, fungi cannot produce their own food and rely on ready-made carbohydrates from the environment around them. This means that they are either parasites or saprophytes, feeding on either living or dead organic matter, such as trees and plants. Chestnut mushrooms are saprophytes, a group that helps in the vital work of recycling the forest.

Sometimes people mistake the bitter yellow nigakuritake (the sulfur tuft or N. fasciculare ) for a chestnut mushroom, which is unfortunate because it is deadly poisonous.
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/getarticle.pl5?fe20051102li.htm

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Early Winter


Enokidake 榎茸 (えのきだけ) velvet shank
Flammulina velutipes
Enokitake-Pilz



Yukiwaritake 雪割茸 (ゆきわりたけ) "snow splitting mushroom"
yukitake, snow mushroom 雪茸(ゆきたけ)
yuki no shita 雪下茸(ゆきのした)雪の下(ゆきのした)
..... yukiyari ゆきやり
speciality of Hokkaido. Biologically, it is not clear what kind of family this belongs to, maybe a kind of enoki or nameko.


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All Winter


kandake 寒茸 (かんたけ) mushrooms in the cold


Nameko なめこ nameko mushroom
Pholiota nameko
..... nametake なめたけ
nameko soup, namekojiru 滑子汁(なめこじる)
A small, amber-brown mushroom with a slightly gelatinous coating, It is enjoyed in miso soup and nabemono hodgepodges.
der Nameko


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eringi エリンギ king trumpet mushroom
Mannstreu- oder Kräuterseitling


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Worldwide use

Germany

Pilze, Pilzesuche, Steinpilze, Butterpilze, Fliegenpilze


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Things found on the way



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HAIKU


. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .

茸狩やあぶなきことに夕時雨
takegari ya abunaki koto ni yuu shigure
take-gari

gathering mushrooms -
we almost got drenched
in a drizzle in the evening


Written in the autumn of 1689 元禄2年晩秋.
Basho had returned from his trip to "Oku no Hosomichi" and spent some time in his hometown, Iga Ueno.
This hokku is either from real experience or a poem for a painting.
Maybe he was out gathering mushrooms and just made it home in time.

abunaki koto - to be in danger of something



source : nittokusin.jp/kinoko
hunting for matsutake mushrooms in Osaka
from 攝津名所圖會(1798)

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松茸やかぶれた程は松の形
. matsutake ya kabureta hodo wa matsu no nari .
- - - discussion of this hokku, mushrooms and food



松茸やしらぬ木の葉のへばり付く
matsutake ya shiranu ko-no-ha no nebaritsuku

o dear mushroom !
an unknown leaf
is sticking on to you

Tr. Gabi Greve


Дорогой грибок,
прилепился к тебе
неизвестный листик.

Tr. Russian : Zhanna P. Rader


mój drogi grzybie!
lepi się do ciebie liść
nie wiadomo skąd

Tr. Polish : Grzegorz Sionkowski

Read the discussion evolving about the translation of this haiku !



source : itoyo/basho

Written in the autumn of 1691. 元禄4年秋。

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初茸やまだ日数経ぬ秋の露
hatsutake ya mada hikazu henu aki no tsuyu

the first mushrooms !
only a few days have passed
with dew in autumn

Tr. Gabi Greve

Written in 1693, 元禄6年.
At the home of Taisui 岱水 in Fukagawa. Taisui lived close to Basho and they had frequent haikai meetings.
It is only a few days since the beginning of autumn, but the mushrooms are already out and full of delicious dewdrops.

first mushroom, hatsu-take hatsutake 初茸
- - - kigo for late autumn


. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .


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Kobayash Issa 小林一茶


手の前に蝶の息つく茸哉
te no mae ni chô no ikitsuku kinoko kana

it's all yours
butterfly, take a rest
on the mushroom




ぞくぞくと人のかまはぬ茸哉
zoku-zoku to hito no kamawanu kinoko kana

one by one
ignored by people...
mushrooms




念仏のころりと出たる茸哉
nembutsu no korori to detaru kinoko kana

a "Praise Buddha!"
pops to my lips...
mushrooms


Amida Prayer (Namu Amida Butsu)



うつくしやあら美しや毒きのこ
utsukushi ya ara utsukushi ya doku kinoko

it's so pretty!
so pretty!
the poison mushroom


Is this haiku metaphorical? Shinji Ogawa thinks so:
"It can be argued that the haiku alludes to feminine beauty."

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. beni tengutake 紅天狗茸 Amanita muscaria .
Tengupedia Introduction

CLICK For more photos

此おくは魔所とや立る天狗茸
kono oku wa ma-doko to ya tateru tengutake

this deep forest
being haunted...
Tengu's mushrooms sprout




天狗茸立けり魔所の這入口(はいりぐち
tengutake tachikeri ma-doko no iriguchi ni

Tengu's mushrooms sprout--
the entrance to
a haunted place



tengutake (tengu kinoko) 天狗茸 Amanita muscaria
A very poisonous mushroom, also called "the Death Cup".
Fliegenpilz
kigo for autumn

More haiku by Issa / Tr. David Lanoue

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My voice
Vanishes in the wind:
Mushroom-hunting.

Masaoka Shiki (1866-1902)
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/getarticle.pl5?fe20051102li.htm

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fog rising -
mushrooms push aside
a bed of pine needles


(Published in: The Heron's Nest VI:11, 2004)

H. Curtis Dunlap
http://webwiseguy.com/haiku/1.html


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mushroom or toadstool
take your pick
—carefully


doris kasson
August 2009

. . . CLICK here for toadstool Photos !


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Related words

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WASHOKU ... Japanese Food SAIJIKI


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6 comments:

. Gabi Greve said...

Jealous:
the garden snails and I
love the same mushrooms


Zhanna P. Rader

(Cicada, Eight, v.3, #3, 1987 and Cicada, Nine, vol.3, #4, 1988)


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. Gabi Greve said...

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Shiitake Mushrooms, a KIGO

Anonymous said...


the chicken
scratches up
a mushroom


niwatori no kaki-ideshitaru kinoko kana

.鶏のかき出したる茸かな

by Issa, 1822

In Japanese as in English, this haiku reads as a simple declarative sentence that depicts, in simple terms, a simple scene. Is it too simple, too mundane to be considered poetry?

Or is it poetry precisely because of its simplicity, because of Issa's patient attention to a here-and-now scene that others might overlook? The reader must decide.

Tr. David Lanoue
http://cat.xula.edu/issa/

Ella Wagemakers said...

They've always tickled my imagination (and taste good besides!).

two mushrooms ...
where are the elves
I saw as a child?

:>) Ella Wagemakers
www.ewchameleon.com

Anonymous said...

御子達よ赤い木の子に化されな
o-kodachi yo akai kinoko ni bakasare na

watch out, kids!
don't let those red mushrooms
cast a spell

Kobayashi Issa
(Tr. David Lanoue)
.

Anonymous said...

紅茸のつむり幼き墳墓の地
benidake no tsumuri osanaki funbo no chi

young head
of a russula mushroom
ancestral graveyard

飯田龍太 Iida Ryuta
(Tr. Fay Aoyagi)