11/02/2005

Kagura Dance

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Kagura Dance (kagura)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: Various, see below
***** Category: Observance


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Explanation

Kagura Dance and Music are part of the Shinto Rituals for the Gods, relating to ancient legends and were performed by priests and shrine maidens.
Now in some rural areas it is counted as a form of local art (minzoku geinoo) and preformed by the villagers themselves during the annual shrine festival. Some are are more like festive folk-drama. The area of Chichibu is especially known for its local kagura.

Some performances last more than one day. Even children perform in local kagura performances (kodomo kagura 子供神楽).

Masks made from Japanese paper (washi) are used and most old costumes are very precious.

There are various kagura types throughout Japan, read my article here:
Kagura Dance 日本の神楽

Gabi Greve

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http://www.city.hamada.shimane.jp/en/kagura/orochi.htm

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Kagura: Dance to the Gods, by Mike (in Tokyo) Rogers
WKD Library

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kigo for the New Year


hatsu kagura 初神楽 (はつかぐら) first Kagura performance
..... kagura hajime 神楽始(かぐらはじめ)


Shinto music and dancing for the New Year,
dai kagura 太神楽


lion dance, shishi mai 獅子舞
lion's head [worn in the lion dance] shishigashira 獅子頭


hearth-purification, kamadoharai 竈祓


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kigo for mid-summer

natsu kagura 夏神楽 (なつかぐら) summer kagura dance
nagoshi no kagura 名越の神楽(なごしのかぐら)
nagoshi kagura 夏越神楽(なごしかぐら)Kagura to pass over summer
kawayashiro 河社(かわやしろ)"shrine by the river"
..... 川社(かわやしろ)



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kigo for mid-winter

kagurazuki 神楽月(かぐらづき)"month with Kagura"

another name for the lunar eleventh month, now
December (juunigatsu)


. Kagura 神楽 (かぐら) Kagura dance  
..... kami asobi 神遊び(かみあそび)Gods enjoying themselves
..... kagura uta 神楽歌(かぐらうた)kagura song
mikagura 御神楽(みかぐら) Court-style of kagura
niwabi 庭燎(にわび)Kagura in the garden or park of a palace
sato kagura 里神楽 (さとかぐら) Shinto-style of kagura
yokagura 夜神楽 (よかぐら) Kagura dance at night
..... kagura yado 神楽宿(かぐらやど)place where kagura is performed
..... hosha 祝者(ほしゃ)"person celebrating"


. Takachiho Yokagura 高千穂 夜神楽
Night Kagura Dance of the Takachiho Region .

Miyazaki

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Tooyama no shimotsuki matsuri 遠山の霜月祭
(とおやまのしもつきまつり)
Toyama festival in the
shimotsuki month
..... shimotsuki matsuri 霜月祭(しもつきまつり)festival in the shimotsuki month
..... Tooyama matsuri 遠山祭(とおやままつり) Toyama festival

shimotsuki, month with frost, now December
This festival was held from early December till the beginning of the New Year, in the village of Toyama in Nagano.


yudate kagura 湯立て神楽

In yudate kagura water is boiled in a cauldron, around which gods are summoned by means of liturgical dances. Many of these festivals are performed in the winter and continue through an entire night; at daybreak the hot water is scattered over the participants, and those touched by it are cleansed of the year’s pollution and reborn in a purified state.
source : kagurakagura.

. Shoo Hachimanguu 正八幡宮 Sho Hachimangu .
Tooyama no shimotsuki matsuri 遠山の霜月祭



hanamatsuri, hana matsuri 花祭 (はなまつり)
flower festival

Mikawa hanamatsuri 三河花祭(みかわはなまつり)
hana kagura 花神楽(はなかぐら)flower kagura


sakaki oni 榊鬼(さかきおに)Sakaki demon

Yudate kagura are perfomed in other shrines of Japan, as a "flower festival".

. sakaki さかき【榊】 sakaki tree, Cleyera japonica .
and the Sakaki demon

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The torimono of torimono kagura refers to objects held in the hands of dancers. This category includes liturgical dances in which a mask is not worn, such as purification dances, dances for summoning a god and dances for bidding farewell to a god, as well as dances in which a mask is worn to signify that a god has appeared. From the beginning of the 17th century, under the influence of the highly successful Noh theater form, dances on mythical subjects similar in form to masked dramas became popular.

Shishi kagura (lion kagura)
are lion dances that were transmitted from the continent and have undergone changes in Japan. A god is called upon to reside in the lion’s head, and the lion goes through the village, stopping at each house to perform a ritual prayer dance. Even today, the lion dance group “Ise Daikagura” continues to perform around Western Japan in a form that has remained virtually unchanged for 400 years. In the Tohoku region as well, during certain periods of the year, a few remaining shishi kagura groups continue to make their rounds.

MORE

source : kagurakagura.


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Worldwide use


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Things found on the way



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HAIKU


天高し 狐も出でしい 村神楽

ten takashi - kitsune mo ideshi mura kagura

bright autumn sky -
even a fox appears at
the local shrine dance

heller Herbsthimmel -
sogar ein Fuchs erscheint
beim Dorf-Shreintanz

in Chichibu, near Tokyo
Gabi Greve


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Related words

***** . SAIJIKI
OBSERVANCES, FESTIVALS, RITUALS




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8 comments:

sakuo said...

thank you so much for sharing Kagura scene.
In my boyhood Shrine dancing team come to every one's house for celebrating the New Year.
They wear the awfull masks and attacked small children in their
playing dance.
It was my old dream.

sakuo

. Gabi Greve said...

. KAGURA at Shiarishi Island, by Amy Chavez, January 2006 .

I heared part of this kagura on local radio. It must have been a phantastic atmosphere!

Gabi Greve
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Anonymous said...

.
Dance the kagura
twelve skulls taken from boars
offered on the altar


Sarutahiko
in the tatami parlor
your nose is too long



Yokagura

The Ama no Iwato Shrine, in Takachiho, derives its name from a myth recorded in the early chronicle Kojiki (712) in which the solar deity Amaterasu Ōmikami takes her glorious light from the world and shuts herself up in the cavern Ama no Iwato (Rock Door of the Heavens). Ama no Iwato is the name both of the Shrine and of one of thirty-three yokagura—an all-night performance in mask of a cycle of dramas accompanied by song and dance that is put on some fifteen or twenty times each year during the winter months.

..

Kagura are accompanied by the songs (seri uta) of a group of young men who urge the dancers on to a pitch of excitement. A verse of one of their songs goes: “Koyosa yokagura nya serototekitaga sainā sera nyasokonoke washigaseru nonnokosai sai yoisassa tokoigasassa yoisassa. (“You said you wanted us to sero your Yokagura tonight. We said we would and here we are so, nonnokosai sai yoisassa tokoigasassa yoisassa.”)

Tateo Fukutomi, translated by David P. Dutcher
http://www.poetrylives.com/SimplyHaiku/SHv5n3/features/Fukutomi.html

anonymous said...

Iwami Kagura

Mask maker keeping Shimane tradition alive


Hanging on the walls of Jake Davies' home are around 20 artifacts that seem at odds with the idyllic village in Sakurae, Shimane Prefecture where his rustic abode is set.
...
"Everyone around here puts them up as gargoyles, to keep the evil spirits out of their house," says Davies, 56, who hails from Coventry, England. "So there'll be a 'Hannya,' the female demon, or 'Shoki,' the demon queller, and so on. They are everywhere — even at railway stations."

Iwami-kagura is one of several types of kagura (literally, god-entertainment), a ceremonial dance whose roots can be found in shamanic possession rites originally performed by priests.

http://search.japantimes.co.jp/mail/fl20110827a1.html

Gabi Greve said...

夜神楽の果てたる北斗七星よ
yokagura no hatetaru hokuto shichisei yo

way above
the night Kagura dance
the Big Dipper !

Kobayashi Takako 小林貴子
.

Gabi Greve - Information said...

Kagura collection by
Jake Ojisan

http://ojisanjake.blogspot.jp/2009/10/october-means-matsuri-matsuri-means.html#.VBYFXFeHhIV

Gabi Greve said...

宮乃木神楽団「岩見重太郎」 Kagura dance
Iwami Juntaro
.
http://japanshrinestemples.blogspot.jp/2015/05/sake-legends-shrines.html
.

Gabi Greve said...

Kagura Map search site such as various kagura preservation groups, photographs and public announcements;
神楽マップ--神楽(かぐら)- 全国神楽協議会
東京文化財研究所無形文化遺産部が本サイトの管理運営
.
http://kagura.tobunken.go.jp/
.