3/22/2005

Cuckoo (kankodori)

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cockoo
Cuckoo (kankodori) - little cuckoo (hototogisu)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: All summer
***** Category: Animal


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Explanation

We have two different birds.

Cuckoo, Cuculus canorus, kankodori 閑古鳥
..... kakkoo カッコウ
cockoo, cockuu



Little Cuckoo, Cuculus poliocephalis,
hototogisu ホトトギス, 時鳥
Click HERE to look at some photos !

Sometimes, the bush warbler (uguisu) and the little cuckoo (hototogisu) get mixed up.

Listen to the voice of the hototogisu here:
source : www.youtube.com


More names for this bird:

CLICK for more photos !

first cuckoo, hatsu hototogisu 初時鳥(はつほととぎす)
mountain cuckoo, yama hototogisu山時鳥(やまほととぎす)
"calling his name" nanoru hototogisu
名乗る時鳥(なのるほととぎす)

waiting hototogisu, matsu hototogisu
待つ時鳥(まつほととぎす)

taosadori 田長鳥(たおさどり)
kutsutedori 沓手鳥(くつてどり)
imosedori 妹背鳥(いもせどり)

uzukidori 卯月鳥(うづきどり)
uzuki is the name for april in the lunar calendar

token 杜鵑(とけん), too 杜宇(とう)、
hototogisu 杜魂(ほととぎす)

hototogisu 子規(ほととぎす)
The inside of the mouth of the cuckoo is so red that it looks like blood when the bird is singing.

Masaoka Shiki took the Chinese characters for his name、 because of tuberculosis, he would spit blood.
. WKD : Masaoka Shiki 正岡子規 .


hototogisu 蜀魂(ほととぎす), hototogisu 不如帰(ほととぎす)

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© http://www.hana300.com/aafuda.html

..... Flower Trump (hanafuda) and haiku

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“Demon cockoo, oni kakkoo 鬼カッコウ 
Eudynamys scolopacea

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岩倉の狂女恋せよほととぎす  
Iwakura no kyoojo koi seyo hototogisu


A little cuckoo across a hydrangea - Yosa Buson
与謝蕪村

cause the madwoman at Iwakura
to fall more deeply in love
o hototogisu

source : Cheryl A. Crowley


Discussion of this haiku
. Iwakura waterfall and
temple Daiun-Ji 岩倉大雲寺 .



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Worldwide use

Germany

Kuckuck - Cuculus canorus


Gackelkuckuck - Cuculus poliocephalus
Kleiner Kuckuck
Rötelkuckuck

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India

There is a bird associated with the Monsoon in India:
CLICK for more photos
the Pied Crested Cuckoo; may be called the Rain bird.
It is called 'Erattatthalachi Kuyil' in Malayalam and 'Kondai Kuyil' in Tamil. It Hindi, it is 'Chatak.' It's observed that this Cuckoo appears in South India and in North India just before the Monsoon to herald the arrival of rain.
It is believed, for instance, its arrival in Mumbai indicates that the first rains will fall within three days! Its call is wailing.

Very noisy when breeding. Calls also during moonlit nights. Its call is loud, rather plaintive, metallic piu-piu-pee-pee-piu… pee-pee-piu, or just a tinkling piu.. piu…
© indulekha.com/rainraga

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a cuckoo's silence -
leaves on a mango tree rustle
in the breeze


- Shared by Surmeet Maavi -
Joys of Japan, 2012


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. Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus) .
Asian Koel, Koil, Kuil, Koyal
a member of the cuckoo order of birds
oni kakkoo オニカッコウ "demon cuckoo"


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Things found on the way


The famous comparison of three famous warlords

鳴かぬなら 殺してしまえ ホトトギス
鳴かぬなら 鳴かせてみせよう ホトトギス
鳴かぬなら 鳴くまで待とう ホトトギス



Here is the famous story to shed light on the temperament of the three most famous warlords in Japanese history:
When confronted with a nightingale in a cage, which would not sing, each had his own approach to this situation.

Nobunaga
If the bird does not sing, kill it!

Hideyoshi
If the bird does not sing, I will make it sing!

Ieyasu
If the bird does not sing, I will wait until it sings!

Read my details here

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Azumabashi in Edo

Ando Utagawa Hiroshige 歌川広重
名所江戸百景「駒形堂吾妻橋

One hototogisu in the clouds of the rainy season.


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The Haiku Magazin "Hototogisu"

"Hototogisu" was first published on 15th, Jan. of 1897 (Meiji 30). This Haiku magazine had about thirty pages and it was 0.06yen (6-sen) a copy. This magazine had 300 circulations and edited by Kyokudo Yanagihara.

The number twenty of "Hototogisu", published on 31st, Aug. of 1898 (Meiji 31), was the last number published by the publishing office of "Hototogisu" in Tachibana-cho, Matsuyama, which had been based on "Shofu-kai in Matsuyama".

Shiki composed the following Haiku celebrating the first issue of "Hototogisu".

" Greeting a Happy New Year
A bush warbler just starts to chirp
The Hototogisu was first published "

(Shiki)

Read more HERE !
© "Hototogisu" - Kyokudo,Hekigotou,Kyoshi


Nightingale, bush warbler (uguisu) Japan

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HAIKU


cuckoo--
hot tub steam stirs
as does the grass


hototogisu yukeburi soyogu kusa soyogu
時鳥湯けぶりそよぐ草そよぐ

by Issa, 1813
Tr. David Lanoue

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Compiled by Larry Bold
Translating Haiku Forum


Matsuo Basho haiku with various translations :

ほとゝぎす大竹藪をもる月夜
hototogisu ootakeyabu o moru tsukiyo



Henderson's word-for-word translation is:
Cuckoo large-bamboo thicket's seep-in moon-evening


And Barnhill's word-for-word translaton is:
cuckoo large-bamboo grove leak moonlight


.................................................... Further translations:

Moonlight slants through
The vast bamboo grove:
A cuckoo cries

trans. Blyth


Moonlight slanting through
all this long bamboo grove
and nightingale song.

trans. Bellenson


From moon wreathed
bamboo grove,
cuckoo song.

trans. Stryk


Song of the cuckoo:
in the grove of great bamboos,
moonlight seeping through.

trans. Harold Henderson


Cuckoo--
through immense bamboo groves
the moonlight

trans. Stephen Addiss


hototogisu--
through a vast bamboo forest
moonlight seeping

trans. Makoto Ueda


a cuckoo's cry--
moonlight seeping through
a large bamboo grove

trans. Haruo Shirane


cuckoo:
filtering through the vast bamboo grove
the moon's light

trans. David Barnhill


Moonlight slanting
through the bamboo grove;
a cuckoo crying.

trans. Robert Hass


A cuckoo cries,
and through a thicket of bamboo
the late moon shines

trans. Sam Hamill


So, we have for what the bamboo is in: grove, thicket, and forest.

For what the moonlight does we have: shines, slants/slanting, filtering, seeps/seeping, "through" with no verb (Addiss), and wreathed.

For what the cuckoo is called, we have: cuckoo, nightingale, hototogisu.

For what the cuckoo does, we have: cry/cries/crying, song, and no verb (just the bird's presence itself implying its sound).


little cuckoo -
moonlight filters through
the vast bamboo grove


Tr. Gabi Greve


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. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .
"Oku no Hosomichi" Station 9 - Sesshooseki Hot Spring 殺生石
"the murder stone", "Slaughter Stone" , "Killing Stone"
The hot spring has poisonous yellow water and bees and butterflies can not live there.


野を横に馬引き向けよほととぎす
no o yoko ni uma hikimuke yo hototogisu


road across a plain --
turn my horse sideways
toward that hototogisu!

Tr. Makoto Ueda



Across the field, turn
The direction of the horse
Towards the cuckoo!

Tr. Oseko Toshiharu



turn the horse’s head
towards that moor;
hototogisu

Tr. Michael Haldane



Lead the horse
Across the moor
To where the hototogisu is singing!

Tr. Blyth



across the plain,
turn my horse over there!
cuckoo

Tr. Barnhill



across the field
the horse pulls toward
the cuckoo

Tr. Jane Reichhold


- More translations -

- Reference : Sessho Seki



MORE
hototogisu hokku by
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .

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とり辺野やしこ時鳥しこ烏
toribeno ya shiko hototogisu shiko karasu

Toribe Field--
ugly cuckoo!
ugly crow!


by Issa, 1824
Tr. David Lanoue


Read our discussion here:
Toribeno Cemetery
Cuckoo and Death in Japanese literature


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あるけばかっこう いそげばかっこう
arukeba kakkoo
isogeba kakkoo

if I walk ... cuckoo
if I hurry ... cuckoo


Taneda Santoka
Tr. Gabi Greve


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channel-billed cuckoo
from beneath the dying fruit tree
I hear its storm cry


Alan Summers, UK
1. Snapshots three July 1998
2. Blithe Spirit Call of the Crow haibun Volume 14 Number 2 (June 2004)




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Related words

***** Toadlily, Tricyrtis hirta (hototogisu)

***** Nightingale, bush warbler (uguisu 鶯)


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14 comments:

Anonymous said...

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which, oh which
is your mountain?
cuckoo


dore-dore ga nanji ga yama zo hototogisu

どれどれが汝が山ぞほととぎす

by Issa, 1813

Tr. David Lanoue
http://cat.xula.edu/issa/

Anonymous said...

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is the night this nice
in China?
cuckoo


konna yo wa kara ni mo aro ka hototogisu

こんな夜は唐にもあろか時鳥

by Issa, 1811

Issa doesn't literally say that the night is "nice," but I feel that this is implied by the phrase, "this kind of evening" (konna yo).
The hototogisu or "little cuckoo" sings day and night, unlike the common cuckoo (Japanese: kakoo).

Tr. David Lanoue
http://cat.xula.edu/issa/

Anonymous said...

cuckoo --
cuckoo repeats
day dawned


ホトトギス ホトトギス とて 明にけり

hototogisu hototogisu tote ake ni keri
 

Chiyo-ni (1703 - 1775)

Ella Wagemakers said...

How amusing that nature would come up with a bird which lays its eggs in other birds' nests and even produces its eggs to look like the eggs of the bird who owns the nest! This of course fools the nest owner into breeding the egg as one of its own, and raising the young when it hatches.

a cuckoo's call
echoes in the woods
... which tree?


Ella

Gabi Greve said...

Which tree indeed ? and which cockoo ?

Thanks for visiting, Ella san!
GABI

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Anonymous said...

Cuckoo in China

Messenger of Spring and Morality: Cuckoo Lore in Chinese Sources

Journal article by C.M. Lai; The Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 118, 1998

The common cuckoo (Cuculus canorus) has long intrigued poets and philosophers as a study in contradictions.(1) Myth and biological reality merge and diverge, forging cuckoo lore that is intriguing, mystifying, and powerful. The cuckoo is the harbinger of spring, its call beckoning the start of the ploughing season, its arrival heralding summer rains. Yet, conversely, in the Old Testament the "cuckow" is unclean, held in "abomination among fowls," alongside vultures and ravens.(2)

Topsell (ca. 17th c.) claimed that the "cuckoe" signified "a Coward and fearefull man." In French vernacular it signals deceit; the British say "faithless(ness)." Yet the cuckoo also projected phallic prowess, for an amorous Zeus ravished Hera by assuming the shape of the cuckoo. Along these lines, it is a Danish symbol for fertility and longevity.(3)

Chinese tradition encompasses many of the properties associated with such cuckoo lore. The cuckoo emerged as a natural symbol through hybrids of literary conceit and interpretation of biological truth. In this paper, discussion of cuckoo lore in Chinese sources will focus on two universal hybrids of conceit and fact, the cuckoo as harbinger of spring - in this, resembling the lore of other cultures - and as "brood parasite," the latter term referring to the behavior of relegating incubation and rearing of offspring to other "foster-parent" birds.

Interpretations of such behavior, by contrast, set Chinese cuckoo lore apart, and often reveal ideological biasses. In traditional Chinese sources the main characteristics of the cuckoo evolve from philological debate over nomenclature, in which textual, and not ornithological, classifications have been explicated and debated in confusing detail.

And since it is Confucian texts that figure prominently in these debates, the study of cuckoo lore offers insights into Confucian principles of classification, which take the cuckoo as a natural symbol.

The cuckoo is consistently designated by four appellations in Chinese sources, the shijiu, bugu, dujuan, and daisheng. As scientific classification was applied relatively late to the study of Chinese birds, accounts of these terms must be understood and classified as "literary species" of the cuckoo.

continue
http://www.questia.com/googleScholar.qst;jsessionid=LMGdrftx6JfkrHTN1sH7vzYXsF9RRKvCJLRmf7jVvdQ1lGy9mhyy!1808322801?docId=5001407319

Gabi Greve said...

ほとゝぎす 消行方 ( きえゆくかた ) や嶋一ツ
hototogisu kieyuku kata ya shima hitotsu

Matsuo Basho

The small cuckoo -
where it disappears, a single island

(Tr. Shirane)

- - -

cuckoo:
off where it disappears -
a single island
(Tr. Barnhill)

- - - - -

This hokku has the cut marker YA at the end of line 2.
.
Summer 1688

Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

岩躑躅染むる涙やほととぎ朱
iwa tsutsuji somuru namida ya hototogishu

rock azaleas
colored by his tears -
this hototogisu

Matsuo Basho
Tr. Gabi Greve

Written in 寛文7年, Basho age 24.

The inside of the mouth of the cuckoo is so red that it looks like blood when the bird is singing.
.

Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

Matsuo Basho

田や麦や中にも夏のほととぎす
ta ya mugi ya naka ni mo natsu no hototogisu

rice fields and barley -
and among them also
summer's cockoo

Tr. Barnhill

Written in 1689 on the 7th day of the 4th lunar month.
元禄2年4月7日 Oku no Hosomichi
(雪まるげ)at Shirakawa
.

Gabi Greve - Issa said...

Kobayashi Issa

nightingale
escaping into the night
from the emperor's palace

hototogisu oo-uchiyama o yonige shite


nightingale
since we don't understand
your song is just noise

warera-gi wa tada yakamashii hototogisu


MORE
from a hokku sequence,
with comments by Chris Drake
.

Gabi Greve - WKD said...

柏槙の神垣朝のほととぎす
byakushin no kamigaki asa no hototogisu

junipers
for a God's fence - in the morning
the hototogisu

Sakurai Haruko 櫻井春子

MORE
about kamigaki fences
.

Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

Matsuo Basho

戸の口に宿札名乗れほととぎす
to no kuchi ni yadofuda nanore hototogisu

at the front entrance
hang out your visitor sign -
hototogisu

MORE about the yado fuda

Gabi Greve - Edopedia said...

Kobayashi Issa

芋茶屋もうれしいものよ閑古鳥
imo chaya mo ureshii mono yo kankodori

even a cheap tea stall
can make me so happy -
mountain cuckoo

Tr. Gabi Greve

imochaya and tea stalls in Edo
.

Gabi Greve - Issa said...

Kobayashi Issa

今ごろや大内山のほととぎす
imagoro ya oouchiyama no hototogisu

right about now
in the emperor's garden
a nightingale

(comment)

nightingale
you've won over
glorious Edo

hototogisu hana no o-edo o hito-nomi ni

(commet)

a nightingale
escapes in the night
from the palace grounds

hototogisu oouchiyama o yo-nige shite


Read the comments by Chris Drake !