7/01/2006

Salmon (sake)

[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO  TOP . ]
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 

Salmon (sake)

***** Location: Japan, other areas
***** Season: All Autumn
***** Category: Animal


*****************************
Explanation

Salmon and trout (masu 鱒) are the representative fish of Hokkaido.
Its roe and eggs, ikura, are quite a delicacy too.

Ainu Pattern

http://www.azumino.cnet.ne.jp/WORK_SHOP/NISSEN/AINU/AINU.html

There are many kigo for this fish.

salmon, sake (when in the water) 鮭 
... pronounced shake when used as food on the table

flavor of autumn, aki aji 秋味
first salmon, hatsuzake 初鮭
salmon with a bent nose, hanamagari sake 鼻曲がり鮭
autumn of the salmon, sake no aki 鮭の秋

fishing for salmon, sakeryoo 鮭漁
net for salmon fishing, sake ami 鮭網

outlook for salmon, sake banya 鮭番屋
hut for salmon fishermen, sakegoya 鮭小屋
.... wherer they live and process the catch during season

hitting the salmon, sake uchi 鮭打ち
..... See the Ainu Legend below.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Ainu Legends



Why you should always use a willow stick to kill salmon, this revered fish
Among freshwater fish the salmon and salmon-trout hold the highest place. This is what one would expect, inasmuch as these are the largest and most useful fishes to enter the rivers. The true salmon is called shibe, and this word means either "the great thing" or "the chief food." It is also known as kamui chep besides, and that means "divine food" or "divine fish," and it is reported to have originally come down from Paradise....

When the Ainu go salmon fishing they always provide a thick willow stick about two feet long with which to strike the salmon's head and kill it. This stick is called isapa-kik-ni, "the head-striking wood" ....
The Ainu say that the salmon do not like being killed with a stone or any wood other than good sound willow, but they are very fond of being killed with a willow stick. Indeed, they are said to hold the isapa-kik-ni in great esteem. If anything else is used, the fish will go away in disgust.

Read all about Ainu Culture here:
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/hokkaido/legsal.html

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Spawning Salmon in Hokkaido



http://www3.famille.ne.jp/~ochi/eng/hokka10.html

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Kigo for All Summer

cherry salmon, yamame 山女 Oncorhynchus masou;
Literally "mountain lady", "Mountain Maiden".
Cherry Salmon Fish, yamameuo 山女魚
fishing for cherry salmon, yamame tsuri 山女釣

Fishing for this fish is a great hobby of many anglers, seen commonly at the local rivers.

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

The Salmon Museum in Chitose, Hokkaido

Chitose Salmon Aquarium is located on the Chitose River in Hokkaido Japan. This river originates from the beautiful waters of Lake Shikotsu in central Hokkaido then joins Hokkaido's largest river the Ishikari, which in turn flows into the Sea of Japan.



http://www.city.chitose.hokkaido.jp/tourist/salmon/e-html/e_index.html

*****************************
Worldwide use

North America

shad

http://saltfishing.about.com/cs/fishingreports/a/aa030413a.htm
http://www.state.nj.us/dep/fgw/shadart.htm
http://espn.go.com/outdoors/fishing/s/f_fea_shad_tactics_CA_Rychnovsky.html

cherry salmon, steelhead trout
the Alaskan King or Chinook salmon, which is a very important fish along the west coast US and Canada.

There is a trout that is a rainbow trout if it happens to live its life in a river but becomes a steelhead trout if it can get access to the ocean--like the salmon, they return to the river to
spawn, leaping through rapids to get upstream. Dams, of course, make this difficult.

http://www.adfg.state.ak.us/pubs/notebook/fish/chinook.php
http://www.kanada-british-columbia.de/en/salmon_run/
http://www.sunnywalter.com/WhereView-WNW-SalmonLinks.html


Linda Papanicolaou

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


kigo for spring
in Pacific North-West of America

spring chinook


spring chinook ~
the end of its migration
to my table


- Shared by Elaine Andre -
Joys of Japan, 2012


*****************************
Things found on the way


Child's Salmon Skin Coat

Originally all Ainu garments were made of skin, fur, and feathers, and these types of clothing survived in Sakhalin and the Kurile Islands into the twentieth century. Salmon skin was highly prized for making strong, light, durable waterproof garments. Sakhalin Ainu decorated fishskin garments with delicate appliqué, as did their neighbors in the lower Amur River region.

This child's coat has a Sakhalin Ainu cut but was collected in Hokkaido – like people, artifacts often end up far from home. This coat may have come to Hokkaido with Ainu refugees expelled when Sakhalin was turned over to the Russians in 1875. In 1896 it was sold to Mrs. Mabel Loomis Todd, a participant in an Amherst College expedition that came to Hokkaido to view a solar eclipse.

Smithsonian Museum
http://www.mnh.si.edu/arctic/ainu/html/room04.html


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 



salmon slices and sardines
Tsuchida Bakusen 土田 麦僊 (1887-1936)


*****************************
HAIKU


雪の朝独リ干鮭を噛み得タリ 
yuki no ashita hitori karazake o kami etari

snow in the morning -
alone with dried salmon
to chew on

Tr. Gabi Greve

MORE translations
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .

. . . . .


While sleeping in a lodge in the capital and hearing each night the sorrowful chanting of the Kuya pilgrims:
乾鮭も空也の痩も寒の中
karazake mo Kuuya no yase mo kan no uchi

Dried salmon
the gauntness of a Kuya pilgrim
in the cold season

Tr. Shirane


The shriveled salmon
the thinness of the ascetic
in the bitter cold

Tr. Miner and Odagiri

Written in December 1690 元禄3年12月, Basho age 48, in Kyoto


. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .



. Kuuya Shonin, (903-72) 空也上人 Saint Kuya .


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


whitewater
a trout leaps
through the rainbow


Linda Papanicolaou

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


Negi wa naku sake ya kirimi ni seiki-zamu

> No leeks,
> Salmon cut in slices;
> Century-cold.**

Keiko Imaoka

** newly coined by the author, for which this Ku is famous.
http://haiku.cc.ehime-u.ac.jp/~shiki/shiki.archive/html/9601/0419.html

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

quiet cove--
an eagle plucks a salmon
from the clouds


Billie Wilson
Haiku Cycles (2001)
http://home.gci.net/~alaskahaiku/saijiki.html

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


Salmon Haiku Duel
TheTyee.ca
The majority of the haiku entries came from the passionate pens of wild salmon lovers, but many also came from ardent and lyrical supporters of salmon farming, and from budding poets skeptical of the controversy on the whole.

Bye lovely tyee
I have turned my back on you
To work farming fish

Jeff Ardron


We swim forever
gravel rivers ocean sky
giving life we die


Marilyn MacPherson


Coho burn, dark red
Water boils in icy pools
Cold fire in the stream

Charles Thirkill

http://www.thetyee.ca/Life/2005/01/03/Salmon_Haiku_Duel_Winners/

More are here
http://www.thetyee.ca/Life/2005/01/10/TheCollectedWorksofTyee/

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


Some Japanese Salmon-Haiku

乾鮭の背骨にふれて刃をすすむ
小桧山繁子


没日みる乾鮭の口地に立てて
小桧山繁子

翔ぶものへ鮭のはららご炎えてゐる
栗林千津

驛にころがる出稼の荷と鮭の荷と
能村登四郎

骨の鮭アイヌ三人水わたる
金子兜太

骨の鮭鴉もダケカンバも骨だ
金子兜太

風三日銀一身の鮭届く
成田千空

鮭の切身の鮮紅に足止むる旅
能村登四郎

鮭食ひし肉感夜のひとひら雲
豊山千蔭

Gendai Haiku Database
http://www.haiku-data.jp/kigo_list.php?season_cd=3#sa



. Yamaguchi Seison -
Salmon Haiku from Michinoku
 


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::




から鮭も敲ば鳴ぞなむあみだ
karazake mo tatakeba naku zo namu amida

beating time
on a dried salmon too...
praise Buddha!


Kobayashi Issa
(Tr. David Lanoue)

WKD . Namu Amida Butsu, the Amida Prayer



*****************************
Related words

***** Spring King Salmon Derby
Kigo for Spring in Alaska.


Running through Juneau all year with a peak run from May to July, the chinook -or king salmon-- is Alaska's state fish.
The month-long derby sets itself apart from the rest with shore fishing, festivities and competitions ranging from the eldest veteran to weigh in to the largest weigh-in by a child.

King salmon, the largest and least abundant of the salmon species, average 36" and weigh around 30 pounds. Last year's Spring King Derby winner brought in a 42.3-pound king.
http://www.traveljuneau.com/juneautravelnews/spring2004.cfm#sports
http://worldkigodatabase.blogspot.com/2006/12/alaska-kiyose.html

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


***** coho (silver) salmon start to run
Kigo for Summer in Alaska.


***** Golden North Salmon Derby
Kigo for Summer in Alaska.


***** Salmonberry
Kigo for Summer in Alaska.

http://worldkigodatabase.blogspot.com/2006/12/alaska-kiyose.html

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Sake, Masu and Ayu : Salmon, trouts and sweetfish ... the naming


WASHOKU ... Japanese Food SAIJIKI



[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 

1 comment:

Gabi Greve - WKD said...

Masaoka Shiki

熊売つて乾鮭買ふて帰りけり
kuma utte karazake katte kaeri keri

selling a bear
buying some dried salmon
then going home . . .

Tr. Gabi Greve

Haiku about bears
.