4/09/2006

Pheasant's eye (fukujusoo)

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Pheasant's Eye (fukujusoo, Japan)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: New Year
***** Category: Plant


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Explanation

Pheasant's eye, fukujusō, 福寿草
New Year's Day Plant,
... ganjitsusoo, ganjitsusō 元日草
... tsuitachisoo 朔日草

Adonis amurensis, Family: Ranunculaceae. Crowfoot
Adonis annua

Grows in many mountainous areas of Japan. It begins to show new leaves in February or March and flowers with small bright yellow blossoms of 10 to 20 petals with a strong glow. Since the flowering time fell in the New Year season according to the lunar calendar, it was used as a decoration for the New Year, hence the name.

Even now some farmers grow it especially to flower for the First of January.

In the Edo period, it was already artificially grown and sold in small pots, with petals of white, cream and red flowers, even double-petals (yae 八重咲き).

The name actually means : Plant of good fortune and long life, "prosperity grass" or "longevity grass", so it was very auspicious for the New Year celebrations.

Gabi Greve

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http://www.dynax.co.jp/sinsen/photo/hana_koyomi/gf_fukujyusou.html

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Great page with photos
http://aoki2.si.gunma-u.ac.jp/BotanicalGarden/HTMLs/fukujusou.html


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Worldwide use


Amur-Adonis-Röschen
Adonis amurensis

Frühlings-Adonisröschen
Adonis vernalis


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Things found on the way



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HAIKU


大雪をかぶって立や福寿草
ôyuki o kabutte tatsu ya fukuju kusa

covered by the big snow
yet they stand...
New Year's grasses

Issa
(Tr. David Lanoue)
Haiga by Nakamura Sakuo


http://blog.livedoor.jp/sakuo3903/archives/50332688.html


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朝日さす老師が家や福寿草
asahi sasu rooshi ga ie ya fukujusoo

morning sunshine
on the old Zen teacher's home -
Pheasant's eye in bloom


Buson 与謝蕪村
Tr. Gabi Greve


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地面から宙がはじまる福寿草 
jimen kara sora ga hajimaru fujukusoo

from the earth
the sky begins ...
Pheasant's eye 


Miyasaka Shizuo 宮坂静生 (1937 - )
He taught the NHK haiku lessons for two years.


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日のあたる窓の硝子や福寿草  
hi no ataru mado no shooshi ya fukujusoo

the sun shines bright
on the window panes ...
Pheasant's eye

Matsui Kafuu 永井荷風 (1879 - 1959)




Photo
http://blog.goo.ne.jp/akiiys/e/12c83638afc11a6eaff747a5e925cff1


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Related words

***** Fern and the Seven Herbs of Spring
Kigo for the New Year


SAIJIKI – THE NEW YEAR


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2 comments:

sakuo said...

Gabi san
有難うございます。
いろんな福寿草で楽しいですね。

これらの福寿草を見ていると本当に
春が待ちどうしい気になります。

sakuo

Anonymous said...

Gabi san, I enjoyed these photos and Sakuo's haiga.
Your Pheasant flower must be related to our winter aconites?

Here's a Canadian photo:

http://www.uoguelph.ca/arboretum/PhotoGall/PhotoFlower10.htm


And here's one with the full name (and ultra violet light!)

http://www.naturfotograf.com/UV_ERAN_HYE.html

I had them in one of my gardens, many years ago...

:~)
Canada

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